I, Too, Am America!

Teaching Mathematics for Empowerment





The authors introduce the articles in this special issue of JUME, which address the current social and political climate of the United States and how this relates to mathematics education.


Aguirre, J., Mayfield-Ingram, K., & Martin, D. B. (2013). The impact of identity in K–8 mathe-matics: Rethinking equity-based practices. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Alter, C. (2020, June 17). How Black Lives Matter could reshape the 2020 elections. Time. https://time.com/5852534/black-lives-matter-2020-elections-voting/

Amira, D. (Writer), Rennolino, P. (Director), & Noah, T. (Host). (2020, July 27). Eddie S. Glaude, Jr. – “Begin again”: James Baldwin and a moral reckoning for America (Season 25, Episode 132) [TV series episode]. In T. Noah (Executive Producer), The Daily Show with Trevor Noah. Comedy Partners.

Berry, R. Q., III, Conway, B. M., IV, Lawler, B. R., Staley, J. W., & Colleagues. (2020). High school mathematics lessons to explore, understand, and respond to social injustice. Cor-win Press; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Celedón-Pattichis, S., Borden, L. L., Pape, S. J., Clements, D. H., Peters, S. A., Males, J. R., Olive, C., & Leonard, J. (2018). Asset-based approaches to equitable mathematics educa-tion research and practice. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 49(4), 373–389. https://doi.org/10.5951/jresematheduc.49.4.0373

Coleman, S. T., Bruce, A. W., White, L. J., Boykin, A. W., & Tyler, K. (2017). Communal and individual learning contexts as they relate to mathematics achievement under simulated classroom conditions. Journal of Black Psychology, 43(6), 543–564. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0095798416665966

Frankenstein, M. (2012). Beyond math content and process: Proposals for underlying aspects of social justice education. In A. A. Wager & D. W Stinson (Eds.), Teaching mathematics for social justice: Conversations with educators (pp. 49–62). National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed (M. B. Ramos, Trans.; 30th anniversary ed.). Con-tinuum. (Original work published 1968)

Glaude, E. S., Jr. (2020). Begin again: James Baldwin’s America and its urgent lessons for our own. Crown.

Goillandeau, M., & Elassar, A. (2021, February 1). The Black Lives Matter movement has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/01/us/black-lives-matter-movement-nobel-peace-prize-trnd/index.html

Gorman, A. (with Winfrey, O.). (2021). The hill we climb: An inaugural poem for the country. Viking Books.

Gutiérrez, R. (2012). Context matters: How should we conceptualize equity in mathematics educa-tion? In B. Herbel-Eisenmann, J. Choppin, D. Wagner, & D. Pimm (Eds.), Equity in dis-course for mathematics education: Theories, practices, and policies (pp. 17–33). Springer.

Gutstein, E. (2006). Reading and writing the world with mathematics: Toward a pedagogy for social justice. Routledge.

Hughes, L. (1994). I, too. In A. Rampersad & D. Roessel (Eds.), The collected poems of Lang-ston Hughes (p. 46). Vintage Books. (Original work published 1925)

Johns Hopkins University & Medicine. (n.d.). Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved January 31, 2021, https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/us-map

Johnson, C. K., Kastanis, A., & Stafford, K. (2021, January 30). AP analysis: Racial disparity seen in US vaccination drive. The Associated Press. https://apnews.com/article/race-and-ethnicity-health-coronavirus-pandemic-hispanics-d0746b028cf56231dbcdeda0fba24314

Leonard, J. (2019). Culturally specific pedagogy in the mathematics classroom: Strategies for teachers and students (2nd ed.). Routledge.

Leonard, J., Thomas, J. O., Ellington, R., Mitchell, M., & Fashola, O. S. (in press). Fostering computational thinking among underrepresented students in STEM: Strategies for support-ing racially equitable computing. Routledge.

Martin, D. B. (2000). Mathematics success and failure among African-American youth: The roles of sociohistorical context, community forces, school influence, and individual agency. Erl-baum.

Martin, D. B., Gholson, M. L., & Leonard, J. (2010). Mathematics as gatekeeper: Power and privilege in the production of knowledge. Journal of Urban Mathematics Education, 3(2), 12–24. https://doi.org/10.21423/jume-v3i2a95

Martin, D. B., Groves, P, & Moore, R. (2019). Refusing systemic violence against Black chil-dren: Toward a Black liberatory mathematics education. In J. Davis & C. C. Jett (Eds.), Critical race theory in mathematics education (pp. 32–55). Routledge.

McGee, E. O. (2016). Devalued Black and Latino racial identities: A by-product of STEM college culture? American Educational Research Journal, 53(6), 1626–1662. https://doi.org/10.3102%2F0002831216676572

Muir, D. (Host). (2019, October 9). 3-year-old recites affirmation on way to school (Season 10, Episode 274) [TV series episode]. In A. Karamehmedovic (Executive Producer), ABC World News Tonight with David Muir. American Broadcasting Company.

National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics & TODOS: Mathematics for ALL. (n.d.) Math-ematics education through the lens of social justice: Acknowledgement, actions, and ac-countability: A joint position statement from the National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics and TODOS: Mathematics for ALLL. https://www.todos-math.org/assets/docs2016/2016Enews/3.pospaper16_wtodos_8pp.pdf

Nelson, A. (2020, October 6). How does COVID-19 create inequity in K-12 education? Tufts Now. https://now.tufts.edu/articles/how-does-covid-19-create-inequity-k-12-education

Ogbu, J. U. (2003). Black American students in an affluent suburb: A study of academic disen-gagement. Erlbaum.

Rosales, J. (2018, April 24). The racist beginnings of standardized testing. neaToday. https://www.nea.org/advocating-for-change/new-from-nea/racist-beginnings-standardized-testing

Tate, W. F. (1995). Returning to the root: A culturally relevant approach to mathematics peda-gogy. Theory Into Practice, 34(3), 166–173.

Tate, W. F., IV. (2019). Building regional brain regimes to support mathematics achievement. In S. Otten, A. G. Candela, Z. de Araujo, C. Haines, & C. Munter (Eds.), Proceedings of the Forty-First Annual Meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (pp. 2–10). University of Missouri.

Williams, J. (2020, September 29). Laid off more, hired less: Back workers in the COVID-19 recession. The RAND Blog. https://www.rand.org/blog/2020/09/laid-off-more-hired-less-black-workers-in-the-covid.html

Woodson, C. G. (1990). The mis-education of the Negro. Africa World Press. (Original pub-lished in 1933)




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